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Basics a Beginner in Photography Needs To At Least Know in 2023

Photography as a hobby has been gaining popularity in Singapore, especially in recent years. There are several reasons why more people are taking up photography in the city-state.


With the rise of smartphone cameras and the availability of affordable digital cameras, people are finding it easier to start exploring photography. This has made it possible for people to capture memories and experiences in a way that was not possible before.


Social media platforms like Instagram have also made it easier for people to share their photos with friends and family, and have given people the opportunity to connect with other photographers and photography enthusiasts from all over the world.



Additionally, photography can be a relaxing and therapeutic activity. Taking photos, editing them, and sharing them with others can be a great way to relieve stress and enjoy the creative process. With the lockdown from traveling that comes with the pandemic, people are often looking for hobbies that can help them escape the pressures of work and everyday life, and photography is a great option for many. As a result, many people in Singapore have discovered the joy of photography and are now taking up the hobby.


Becoming a better photographer though requires a combination of learning, practice, and experimentation. Here are 11 tips to help you improve your photography skills:


  1. Take a Photography Course: Attending a photography course will give you a solid foundation of tips, tricks, and techniques to build upon. It will also provide guidance on how to approach photography in a structured and organized manner, elevating you to becoming a professional photographer structurally and quickly.

  2. Practice: No matter how much you know about photography, without continuous practice, you may forget your skills. Make it a habit to practice daily, trying out different styles and techniques to improve your skills over time.

  3. Experiment: Photography is all about creativity and innovation. Don't be afraid to experiment with new techniques and styles to find your own unique voice.

  4. Prevent Camera Shake: Blurry images can ruin a great shot. To avoid camera shake, hold your camera correctly with one hand on the lens and one on the body, and hold it close to your body for stability. Another option is to use a tripod to eliminate camera shake and enhance picture quality.

  5. Know Your Camera: Cameras today are packed with features, but to take advantage of these features, you need to be familiar with your camera's functions and how to use them. Get to know your camera as you would a good friend.

  6. Get Inspired: Take a look at other photographers' work and read about their experiences and knowledge to improve your own work and style.

  7. Adapt to Lighting Conditions: Lighting is crucial in photography and can greatly affect the look of a picture. Good photographers must be able to adapt to different lighting conditions to capture high-quality images in any situation.

  8. Choose the Right Location and Time: Photography is often about choosing the right location and time. Plan ahead to find the perfect spot for your shot and know when the best light will be available.|

  9. Use Simple Backgrounds: Simple backgrounds, like neutral colors or patterns, will not distract from the subject of your photo and help to simplify your composition.

  10. Always Be Ready: Keep your camera or smartphone handy at all times, as you never know when a great photo opportunity may arise.

  11. Improve Composition: Pay attention to the composition of your shots, including the placement of subjects and elements in the frame, as well as the balance of light and color.


Digital Single Lens Reflex cameras (DSLR)

Despite the rapid rise in mirrorless cameras, most professional photographers are still sticking to their DSLRs (Digital Single Lens Reflex cameras).


It could be due to the fact that DSLRs have a longer history in the market and have been established as the go-to choice for professional photographers. As a result, they have a large following and a well-established user base that has a strong attachment to the technology and brand.


DSLRs also have a more advanced and sophisticated autofocus system compared to most mirrorless cameras. This makes them ideal for fast-moving subjects, such as sports and wildlife, as the autofocus system can keep up with the action.


It also offers a more traditional shooting experience, with a large optical viewfinder that provides a true representation of the image which can be especially important for photographers who prefer to use manual controls and shoot without relying on the LCD screen.



Although not too far behind, DSLRs do offer a wide range of interchangeable lens options, allowing photographers to choose the best lens for their needs as compared to their mirrorless counterparts, for now. This versatility is important for photographers who require different types of lenses for various shooting scenarios.


However, with a wide range of options and settings on a DSLR, it can be overwhelming for beginners. Here are some essential settings that you should know about when starting to use your DSLR camera:


  • ISO: ISO determines the camera's sensitivity to light. The lower the ISO value, the less sensitive the camera is to light and vice versa. A higher ISO value is useful in low light conditions, but it can also result in grainy images.

  • Aperture: Aperture is the size of the opening in the lens that lets light into the camera. A larger aperture results in a shallower depth of field, making the subject stand out against a blurred background. A smaller aperture results in a deeper depth of field, keeping more of the image in focus.

  • Shutter speed: Shutter speed determines how long the camera's sensor is exposed to light. A slower shutter speed can result in blurriness if the camera or the subject moves. A faster shutter speed can freeze fast-moving action.

  • White Balance: White balance helps to correct the color temperature of the image. It adjusts the amount of red, green, and blue in the image to ensure that the colors look natural.

  • Exposure Compensation: Exposure compensation allows you to adjust the exposure value to make the image lighter or darker.

  • Mode Dial: The mode dial on your camera allows you to select different shooting modes, such as automatic, portrait, landscape, sports, and more.

  • Focus Mode: Focus mode allows you to choose between automatic and manual focus. Automatic focus is great for quick shots, while manual focus gives you more control over what is in focus.


Don't be afraid to experiment with different settings to get the results you want. With time and practice, you will become more familiar with your camera and be able to create stunning images and videos.

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